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Title

Phytochemistry in the microgram domain—a LC-NMR perspective

Authors
Queiroz, Emerson Feirrera
Published in Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry. 2005, vol. 43, no. 9, p. 697-709
Abstract Plants represent an extraordinary reservoir of novel molecules and there is currently a resurgence of interest in the vegetable kingdom as a possible source of new lead compounds for introduction into therapeutical screening programs. In order to discover potential new bioactive natural products, the dereplication of crude plant extracts performed prior to isolation work is of crucial importance for avoiding the isolation of a known constituent. In this respect, chemical screening strategies have been developed using hyphenated techniques (LC/UV-DAD, LC-MS and LC-NMR). In our laboratory, these techniques have been fully integrated into the isolation process and are used for the chemical screening of crude plant extracts in complement with on-line or at-line bioassays. LC-UV-MS is used as a first dereplication step in combination with UV and MS databases, while LC-NMR is performed in a second step for de novo on-line structure determination. This approach enables the partial or the complete on-line identification of natural products in complex matrices such as crude plant extracts. These methods also give a unique possibility to study unstable compounds, which rapidly degrade or which are not separable at a preparative level. In the multi-hyphenated approach used (hypernation), LC-NMR plays a key role since it provides the most detailed structural information. The relatively low sensitivity of this technique, however, requires that strategies for high loading of plant extracts are developed and compromises for solvent selection have to be made. For more demanding experiments, at-line strategies based on the microfractionation of the LC-peak of interest and recording of spectra in fully deuterated solvents in microflow probes represent a promising alternative.
Keywords Magnetic-resonance spectometryLiquid-chromatographyMass-spectrometryOnline identificationTropane alkaloidsErythrina-vogeliiErythroxylum-vacciniifoliumPrenylated isoflavonoidsNatural-productsPlant-extracts
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:10823
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Other version: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/mrc.1631
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