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Title

Liposome/water lipophilicity: methods, information content, and pharmaceutical applications

Authors
van Balen, G. P.
Martinet, C. M.
Caron, Giulia
Bouchard, Geraldine
Reist, Marianne
Fruttero, Roberta
Gasco, Alberto
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Published in Medicinal Research Reviews. 2004, vol. 24, no. 3, p. 299-324
Abstract This review discusses liposome/water lipophilicity in terms of the structure of liposomes, experimental methods, and information content. In a first part, the structural properties of the hydrophobic core and polar surface of liposomes are examined in the light of potential interactions with solute molecules. Particular emphasis is placed on the physicochemical properties of polar headgroups of lipids in liposomes. A second part is dedicated to three useful methods to study liposome/water partitioning, namely potentiometry, equilibrium dialysis, and (1)H-NMR relaxation rates. In each case, the principle and limitations of the method are discussed. The next part presents the structural information encoded in liposome/water lipophilicity, in other words the solutes' structural and physicochemical properties that determine their behavior and hence their partitioning in such systems. This presentation is based on a comparison between isotropic (i.e., solvent/water) and anisotropic (e.g., liposome/water) systems. An important factor to be considered is whether the anisotropic lipid phase is ionized or not. Three examples taken from the authors' laboratories are discussed to illustrate the factors or combinations thereof that govern liposome/water lipophilicity, namely (a) hydrophobic interactions alone, (b) hydrophobic and polar interactions, and (c) conformational effects plus hydrophobic and ionic interactions. The next part presents two studies taken from the field of QSAR to exemplify the use of liposome/water lipophilicity in structure-disposition and structure-activity relationships. In the conclusion, we summarize the interests and limitations of this technology and point to promising developments.
Keywords Chemistry, PharmaceuticalChemistry, PhysicalDialysisHumansHydrophobicityLiposomes/*chemistryMagnetic Resonance SpectroscopyMolecular ConformationPhysicochemical PhenomenaPotentiometryStructure-Activity RelationshipWater/*chemistry
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:10674
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PMID: 14994366
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