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Title

To see better to the left when looking more to the right: effects of gaze direction and frames of spatial coordinates in unilateral neglect

Authors
Perrig, S.
Published in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 1999, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 75-82
Abstract Unilateral spatial neglect entails a failure to detect or respond to stimuli in the space opposite to a brain lesion. However, the contralesional hemispace can be determined by different frames of spatial coordinates, such as eyes-, head-, body-, or environment-centered coordinates. We observed 2 patients with a right hemisphere stroke whose left spatial neglect was modulated by distinct coordinates systems depending on the task. Four tasks were given in different conditions of central gaze and either the eyes or the head rotated 30 degrees to the right or 30 degrees to the left. While the 2 patients had a retinotopic defect in 1 visual field quadrant that remained the same irrespective of gaze direction (upper or lower quadrant in 1 case each), the other quadranopic field defect improved with eyes rotation to the right but not with head rotation, suggesting a head-centered spatiotopic deficit. Performance on line bisection was influenced both by eyes and head rotation, as well as by the position of the lines with respect to the trunk midline, suggesting the involvement of both head-centered and body-centered coordinates. Visual imagery and auditory extinction were not modified by changing the eyes or head position. These findings suggest that distinct spatial coordinates are brought into play depending on the tasks demands.
Keywords AgedAttention/physiologyBrain/physiopathologyBrain MappingDominance, Cerebral/physiologyFemaleFixation, Ocular/physiologyHemianopsia/ diagnosis/physiopathology/psychologyHemiplegia/ diagnosis/physiopathology/psychologyHumansMaleMiddle AgedNeuropsychological TestsOrientation/physiologyVisual Fields/physiology
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PMID: 9989027
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