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Title

Vasopressin generates a persistent voltage-dependent sodium current in a mammalian motoneuron

Authors
Goumaz, M.
Sermasi, E.
Dreifuss, Jean-Jacques
Published in Journal of Neuroscience. 1991, vol. 11, no. 6, p. 1609-1616
Abstract During the period of life that precedes weaning, the facial nucleus of the newborn rat is rich in 3H-vasopressin binding sites, and exogenous arginine vasopressin (AVP) can excite facial motoneurons by interacting with V1 (vasopressor-type) receptors. We have investigated the mode of action of this peptide by carrying out single-electrode voltage-clamp recordings in coronal brainstem slices from the neonate. Facial motoneurons were identified by antidromic invasion following electrical stimulation of the genu of the facial nerve. When the membrane potential was held at or near its resting level, vasopressin generated an inward current whose magnitude was concentration related; the lowest peptide concentration still effective in eliciting this effect was 10 nM. The vasopressin-induced current, IAVP, was resistant to tetrodotoxin (TTX) and was insensitive to a reduction in extracellular calcium concentration. It was sustained, was inward at all potentials tested (-120 to -25 mV), and increased in magnitude during depolarization. IAVP was not generated by the blockade of a potassium current, because it did not reverse at hyperpolarized potentials, was not affected by a two-fold increase in the transmembrane potassium gradient, and was not modified by the potassium channel blockers tetraethylammonium bromide (TEA), 4-aminopyridin (4-AP), barium, cesium, quinine, glibenclamide, and apamin. Also, IAVP was not affected by changes in the transmembrane chloride gradient. In contrast, it could be reduced by partially substituting extracellular sodium with equimolar N-methyl-D-glucamine or Tris. Our results suggest that vasopressin increases the excitability of facial motoneurons by generating a persistent sodium-dependent membrane current that is voltage gated and TTX resistant.
Keywords AnimalsAnimals, NewbornArginine Vasopressin/metabolism/ pharmacologyBrain Stem/ physiologyElectric Conductivity/drug effectsElectric StimulationFacial Nerve/drug effects/ physiologyKineticsMaleMembrane Potentials/drug effectsMotor Neurons/drug effects/ physiologyRatsRats, Inbred StrainsReceptors, Angiotensin/metabolism/physiologyReceptors, VasopressinSodium Channels/drug effects/ physiologyTetrodotoxin/pharmacology
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Other version: http://www.jneurosci.org/cgi/reprint/11/6/1609.pdf
Identifiers
PMID: 1646297
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