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Title

Effects of extracellular calcium and of light adaptation on the response to dim light in honey bee drone photoreceptors

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Published in The Journal of Physiology. 1983, vol. 344, p. 525-548
Abstract Light responses in honey bee drone photoreceptors were recorded with intracellular micro-electrodes in superfused slices of retina. The effects of changes in extracellular calcium on the size and the shape of the response to dim light were studied and compared with the effects of light adaptation. Dim light stimuli were used so that the amplitude of the response was linearly related to the number of the photons absorbed, the effects of voltage-dependent mechanisms were negligible and no detectable light adaptation was produced by the stimulus. Lowering the extracellular calcium concentration increased the amplitude and the duration of the response. Raising the extracellular calcium concentration produced the opposite effects. Changing the extracellular calcium concentration modified the response without altering either the linearity of the intensity--response relation or the resting membrane potential in the dark. Light adaptation decreased the amplitude and the duration of the response in a manner that could be quantitatively simulated, in the same photoreceptors, by an increase in the extracellular calcium concentration. Changing the extracellular calcium concentration, or light-adapting the preparation, modified the response without altering its early depolarizing phase. Lowering external calcium either did not affect, or slightly increased, the maximum rate of the light-induced depolarization; raising external calcium, or light-adapting the preparation, either did not affect, or slightly decreased, the maximum rate of the light-induced depolarization. The experimental data can be quantitatively described by a mathematical model with the basic assumption that calcium acts in the process of light adaptation by decreasing the mean open time of the light-activated channels.
Keywords Adaptation, OcularAnimalsBees/ physiologyCalcium/ pharmacology/physiologyIntracellular Fluid/physiologyLightMaleMembrane PotentialsModels, NeurologicalPhotic StimulationPhotoreceptor Cells/drug effects/ physiologyTime Factors
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Other version: http://jp.physoc.org/content/344/1/525.full.pdf
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PMID: 6655592
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