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Title

Membrane hyperpolarization triggers myogenin and myocyte enhancer factor-2 expression during human myoblast differentiation

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Published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2004, vol. 279, no. 27, p. 28187-28196
Abstract It is widely thought that myogenin is one of the earliest detectable markers of skeletal muscle differentiation. Here we show that, during human myoblast differentiation, an inward rectifier K(+) channel (Kir2.1) and its associated hyperpolarization trigger expression and activity of the myogenic transcription factors, myogenin and myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2). Furthermore, Kir2.1 current precedes and is required for the developmental increase in expression/activity of myogenin and MEF2. Drugs or antisense reducing Kir2.1 current diminished or suppressed fusion as well as expression/activity of myogenin and MEF2. In contrast, LY294002, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (a pathway controlling initiation of the myogenic program) that inhibited both myogenin/MEF2 expression and fusion, did not affect Kir2.1 current. This non-blockade by LY294002 indicates that Kir2.1 acts upstream of myogenin and MEF2. We propose that Kir2.1 channel activation is a required key early event that initiates myogenesis by turning on myogenin and MEF2 transcription factors via a hyperpolarization-activated Ca(2+)-dependent pathway.
Keywords Blotting, WesternCalcium/metabolismCalibrationCell DifferentiationCell DivisionCell Membrane/ metabolismCells, CulturedChromones/pharmacologyDNA-Binding Proteins/ biosynthesisElectrophysiologyGenes, ReporterHumansImmunohistochemistryIonsKineticsMembrane PotentialsMicroscopy, ConfocalMicroscopy, FluorescenceMorpholines/pharmacologyMyoblasts/ metabolismMyogenic Regulatory FactorsMyogenin/ biosynthesisOligonucleotides, Antisense/metabolismPotassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/metabolismTime FactorsTranscription Factors/ biosynthesisTranscription, GeneticTransfection
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:10324
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Other version: http://www.jbc.org/content/279/27/28187.full.pdf
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PMID: 15084602
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