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Title

Effects of bedrest on deltoideus muscle morphology and enzymes

Authors
Desplanches, D.
Hoppeler, H.
Mayet, M. H.
Denis, C.
Claassen, H.
Published in Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. 1998, vol. 162, no. 2, p. 135-140
Abstract To examine the effects of unweighting on the structural and metabolic adaptations of a non-postural muscle, deltoideus muscle biopsies were taken in seven male healthy subjects, before and after a 37 day bedrest. Myofibrillar ATPase histochemistry demonstrated no change in fibre type distributions (I, IIA, IIB), in fibre cross-sectional areas nor in capillary supply. No difference was noted in enzyme activities of oxidative metabolism (citrate synthase, 3-hydroxy-acyl-CoA dehydrogenase), and glycolysis (hexokinase, lactate dehydrogenase). Electron microscopy showed a decrease in the volume density of lipids but no change in mitochondrial volume density and distribution. The results indicate that bedrest induces no major morphological and biochemical changes in deltoideus muscle, contrary to what was previously reported in vastus lateralis muscle. This lack of changes is probably related to an unaltered deltoideus muscle use.
Keywords Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolismAdultBed RestCapillaries/physiologyCitrate (si)-Synthase/metabolismHexokinase/metabolismHumansL-Lactate Dehydrogenase/metabolismMaleMitochondria/metabolismMuscle, Skeletal/blood supply/ cytology/ enzymologyMyofibrils/ enzymology
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:10226
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PMID: 9550225
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