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Title

On maximal oxygen consumption in hypoxic humans

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Published in Experientia. 1990, vol. 46, no. 11-12, p. 1188-1194
Abstract The present paper discusses the factors affecting maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) in hypoxia (4300 m above sea level) along the following lines: 1) In acute hypoxia, the fractional limitation to VO2max imposed by circulatory O2 transport (FQ') is 50%, instead of 70% as in normoxia. This is due to the increase in the blood O2 transport coefficient (beta b) as PO2 decreases, as a consequence of the sigmoidal shape of the O2 dissociation curve of hemoglobin. The remaining 50% is assumed to be equally partitioned between tissue O2 transfer (Ft') and mitochondria O2 utilization (Fm'). 2) In chronic hypoxia, FQ' = 0.45, Ft' = 0.20 and Fm' = 0.35, as a consequence of reduced muscle fiber size and muscle mitochondrial density following acclimatization. 3) The relationship between VO2max and PIO2 in both acute and chronic hypoxia reflects the O2 dissociation curve. 4) Acclimatization to chronic hypoxia does not have the function of preserving VO2max.
Keywords Acute DiseaseAnoxia/ physiopathologyChronic DiseaseHumansOxygen/blood/metabolismOxygen Consumption
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:10051
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PMID: 2253721
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